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What are Phytochemicals? Phytochemicals are non-nutritive bioactive compounds in plants. Over 10000 phytochemicals have been isolated and more than 150 studied in depth. How Do Phytochemicals Prevent Cancer? The role of phytochemicals in plants is to provide protection from attack by fungus, bacteria, insects, animals, and diseases. However, they provide several benefits in the human […]

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While enzymes are essential to metabolic function they are not all needed at the same time, in the same amounts nor in the same cell. Therefore biological systems must regulate them so that they are available when and where they are needed. Several mechanisms are responsible for enzymatic activity. Feedback Inhibition Enzymes may be controlled […]

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A carbohydrate is a macro-nutrient. It is called “macro” because it is needed in large proportions in the diet. Carbohydrates have the basic formula Cn(H2O)n, hence they are considered hydrated carbons. They fall in four major categories. Monosaccharides Disaccharides Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Let’s take a closer look at each of these. Monosaccharides These are the smallest […]

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Lipids, often associated with their energy-dense reputation, play a multifaceted role in food beyond merely providing calories. These essential macronutrients contribute significantly to the sensory experience, processing, and nutritional quality of food. Let’s explore the unique and diverse functional properties of lipids. Texture & Mouthfeel Lipids contribute to the luxurious texture and delectable mouthfeel of […]

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